Since the early 1980s much has been learned about how to improve individual schools, but successful efforts at systemic improvement have remained elusive. A modest contribution toward systemic improvement of schooling has been made by the Northern Metropolitan Region (NMR) of the Victorian Department of Education and Early Childhood Development. In 2007 the NMR commenced an intervention called the Achievement Improvement Zones initiative. Since the inception of this reform, the region has seen significant improvements in students' academic results and the morale of school staff.
An effective, overarching system is needed for attracting, preparing, developing, recognising and rewarding teachers in Australia, and the management of these processes needs to be integrated with the procedures governing teachers' salary and career structures – MGSE Dean's Lecture.