Year 8 SOSE: Individual work plan for 'Law' – Isolated Community

NAME: _______________________________________________

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Case study of an isolated community in north west Queensland today

Core learning outcomes:

SRP 5.3

CI 4.1, CI 5.1

  • The Alpurrurulam Community: With aid of your teacher, locate the community on the small-scale map of the North West Region. Draw a symbol on the map. Colour the map to improve visibility of the features.
  • Read the brief history of the community and represent the story on a timeline. (Investigate Aboriginal line drawing style and incorporate into your timeline.)
  • View the Journey to Lake Nash video and complete the mapping exercise based on the large-scale map of the area between Mount Isa and Lake Nash.
  • Discuss the role of the Community Government Council: View the web page below for further details of the Northern Territory Local Government system.

Community Information

  • Group task: complete the advertising poster designed to illustrate the functions of the Community Council.
  • Community Council simulation: Prepare for the 'council meeting' by preparing issues for discussion. Take part in the simulation and prepare a summary.
  • Visit the Mount Isa Magistrates Court and complete the 'discovery' questions.
  • Participate in a mock trial using the school police officer as a guide.
 

(This video has not been included on this site for technical and copyright reasons – Editor.)

Core learning outcomes

In this phase of the module you can achieve the following core learning outcome/s:

  • Culture and Identity 4.1: Students compare effects and responses related to cross-cultural contact on Australian and non-Australian Indigenous groups.
  • Culture and Identity 5.1: Students investigate aspects of different cultural groups, including Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander groups, and how these aspects are perceived by others.
  • Systems Resources and Power 5.3: Students use a structured decision-making process to suggest participatory action regarding a significant current environmental, business, political or legal issue.

Key indicators of your success will be identified throughout the unit and recorded on a profile sheet.

Resources:

  • Journey to Lake Nash, available on CD-ROM and the school Intranet (year 8 SOSE folder).

Year 8 SOSE: Discovering Democracy unit

The Alpurrurulam Community

TASKS

Locate the community on your map of the region. Draw a symbol on the map.

Read the following brief history of the region and represent the story on a timeline using coloured drawings to show the key events.  

HISTORY

Alpurrurulam was a place of reliable water in a dry country, up to 3 kilometres long in some seasons, with Yellowbelly, Black Bream and freshwater mussels.

In the Dreaming, a great number of beings passed this way and performed many actions, including Nyemale, the grass rat, and Kwerrenye, the green snake.

In the time of men and women, Alpurrurulam remained a vital place for body and spirit, providing food and a place for ceremonies.

The original people were called Bularnu. Their neighbours to the west were the Wakaya, to the south Ayerrerenge and to the south west the Alyawarre.

William Landsborough, a white explorer, 'discovered' the rich grassland of the area and news soon spread among the pastoralists wanting land for sheep and cattle. In 1865 a man named 'Nash' and his partner 'Brown' claimed a holding of land they called 'Stoney Plains'. Chief among its attractions was a body of water, which they simply called 'The Lake'. The station eventually became over 8,547 square kilometres and a homestead was built on the shores of Alpurrurulam.

The white men came bringing great numbers of large, strange animals that trampled the bush and fouled the waterholes. The pale men put up shelters that would withstand rain and wind. They took the women.

Most of the Bularnu died. The Alyawarre, forced from their own lands, arrived at the water and were determined to stay.

By 1900, Lake Nash Station was well established and roads connected it to Urandangie and Cammooweal. Many Aborigines were employed at cattle stations.

In 1983, after a long battle over land claims, the Alpurrurulam Community was established and a land grant of 10 square kilometres was allocated to them. The community is governed by a community council with 12 elected members.

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Instructions

  1. Locate each section of the trip to the Alpurrurulam Community from the CD-ROM.
  2. Draw a neat sketch of a scene to represent each section.
  3. Cut out each panel and paste them on your map. Connect them to the precise location with a line.

ALPURRURULAM COMMUNITY GOVERNMENT COUNCIL

Description

The Community government area comprises all that parcel of land near Lake Nash in the Northern Territory of Australia containing an area of 999.9 hectares. The Council shall consist of 12 members who shall be declared or elected and they shall meet not less than once a month. The Council shall have a President and a Vice-President elected by the members.

Functions

The council may perform the following functions:

  1. establishment and maintenance of parks, gardens and recreational areas;
  2. establishment and maintenance of sports facilities, swimming pools, libraries and museums, cinemas, halls and public toilets;
  3. the provision of services for the collection and disposal of garbage and the provision and maintenance of sanitation, sewerage, drainage and water supply facilities and removal of health hazards;
  4. the establishment and operation of any commercial agency;
  5. the provision of adult education and vocational and other training;
  6. the provision and maintenance of housing for residents and their families;
  7. the management of community employment programs;
  8. the promotion and provision of community welfare, health and care facilities for all age groups;
  9. the prevention and control of substance abuse;
  10. the provision and maintenance of cemeteries;
  11. the control, prohibition or impounding of animals;
  12. the development and maintenance of roads and airstrips within the community;
  13. the hiring out of vehicles and plant and equipment;
  14. the establishment and maintenance of a fire fighting service;
  15. the promotion and development of tourist attractions, facilities and the selling of artefacts and souvenirs;
  16. the management and control of sites of historic interest and the support and encouragement of artistic, cultural and sporting activities.

Group Task: on the sheet of A3 paper supplied, prepare a poster designed to explain the functions of the Alpurrurulam Community Government Council so that residents and tourists will appreciate what it does. The group may choose to use more than one sheet.

Year 8 SOSE: Local government activity

Group 1Group 2Group 3Group 4

 

 

 

 

   
Group 5Group 6Group 7 

 

 

 

 

   

Functions

A local government council may perform the following functions:

  1. establishment and maintenance of parks, gardens and recreational areas;
  2. establishment and maintenance of sports facilities, swimming pools, libraries and museums, cinemas, halls and public toilets;
  3. the provision of services for the collection and disposal of garbage and the provision and maintenance of sanitation, sewerage, drainage and water supply facilities and removal of health hazards;
  4. the establishment and operation of any commercial agency;
  5. the provision of adult education and vocational and other training;
  6. the provision and maintenance of housing for residents and their families;
  7. the management of community employment programs;
  8. the promotion and provision of community welfare, health and care facilities for all age groups;
  9. the prevention and control of substance abuse;
  10. the provision and maintenance of cemeteries;
  11. the control, prohibition or impounding of animals;
  12. the development and maintenance of roads and airstrips within the community;
  13. the hiring out of vehicles and plant and equipment;
  14. the establishment and maintenance of a fire fighting service;
  15. the promotion and development of tourist attractions, facilities and the selling of artefacts and souvenirs;
  16. the management and control of sites of historic interest and the support and encouragement of artistic, cultural and sporting activities.

TASK: each group is to elect one member to represent them on the 'Gillham Community Council'. This fictional community is an isolated, coastal community of around 5,000 people. The monthly council meeting is going to take place very soon and many people have issues and concerns that they would like the council to deal with.

Before the meeting takes place, write down your issue or concern on the paper supplied and forward it to your council member. Observe the council meeting and record a brief summary of their discussion on your issue or concern and any decisions the council makes.

Gillham Community Council

(This page is part of your assessment for this unit.)

Meeting date: ____________________________ 

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Name: _______________________________________(real name)

Address: _____________________________________________________(fictional)

__________________________________________________________________

My concern or issue is as follows: (This must be an area that would be normally dealt with by a community council. If in doubt, consult the list of functions.)

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Summary of council discussion and decisions made:

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Year 8 SOSE: Discovering Democracy excursion

Aim: To see how the courts in Mount Isa dispense justice, with a view to simulating a courtroom in our school classroom with students acting as court officials.

Method: Form groups of two. Answer the questions contained in the group folder. You are encouraged to ask your own questions throughout the visit.

Group: 1___________________________ 2 ______________________________

Note: We will visit the Magistrates Court and the District Court. These courts may or may not be sitting at the time of our visit. The Clerk of Court, Mr Taylor, will be showing us around and he will give us directions about the correct behaviour expected of all citizens in a courtroom.

District Court

Draw a map of the courtroom and label key areas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discover:

  1. What is the role of the District Court?
  2. List some typical cases heard in this court.
  3. How is it different from the Magistrates Court?
  4. How can a person appeal a decision made in this court?
  5. Who are the key officials in the District Court and what is each person's role?
  6. How does a jury work?

Magistrates Court

Draw a map of the court and label key areas with the correct title.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discover:

  1. What is the function of this court?
  2. Who are the key officials in a Magistrates Court and what is each person's role?
  3. Explain how a person may appeal a decision made in this court.
  4. List some typical cases that are heard in this court.
  5. How does a Magistrate decide on the sentence or fine given to a person?
  6. How does the system make sure that a trial is fair?

Courtroom Simulation

Aim: To recreate a District Court sitting.

Scenario: Two high school students are seen playing with a lighter on the edge of an oval quite near a house. Later that evening, the house catches fire and an elderly man who lives in the house dies from smoke inhalation.

The Magistrates Court heard the evidence and decided the students have a case to answer. They are to appear in court on Friday October 22.  

Characters

  • Judge
  • Barrister acting for the defendants
  • Prosecutor
  • The accused (2)
  • Bailiff
  • Witnesses for the defence case (3)
  • Witnesses for the prosecution case (4)
  • Jury (6)
  • Press (2)
  • Gallery

Procedure

The Judge enters and all rise. The Judge reads the charge to the accused:

'That you are charged that on the afternoon of August 17 at 5 pm, you did light a fire that resulted in the subsequent death of Mr Robert James, pensioner of 38 Welders Lane, Mount Isa.'

Judge asks the accused: 'How do you plead?' The accused answer 'Guilty' or 'Not Guilty'.

The case is now heard with witnesses called and sworn in by the Bailiff. Both of the barristers may question the witnesses. The Judge keeps order in the court.

The Defence and Prosecution sum up their respective cases and then the jury retires to consider their verdict.

The jury gives a verdict and the Judge decides on a sentence.  

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